عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Geographers consider their science to be the Mother of Sciences, and they always claim that geography, as recognition of environment, is one of the oldest sciences that mankind has known from the very first days that they existed due to necessities. Many geographers today believe that new geography has emerged as a branch of modern science in the century that began in 1750 and ended in 1850. They believe that the emergence and development of a new geography was realized thanks to the efforts of two German scientists, Alexander Humboldt and Carl Reiter. Both lived in the first half of the nineteenth century, simultaneously and in the same city.