عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction and Objective
Road traffic accidents impose numerous social, economic, and cultural costs upon various societies, especially developing countries. Identification of accident blackspots is a method proposed to deal with car accident risks. Among various events associated with transportation network, road traffic accidents play a significant role, because of their specific features, including high frequency, high intensity and the chance of direct involvement of all members of the community.This problem is more conspicuous in developing countries such as Iran. The present study aims to identifyaccidentblackspotsand to prepare risk map for road trafficaccidents in Babol city using volunteered geographic information.
Materials and methods
According to the characteristics of the study area, the present study takes advantage of criteria such as distance from population centers, proximity to city squares, distance from footbridges, and proximity to road intersections to identifyaccidentblackspotsand a prepare risk map for roadtraffic accidents in Babol city. Accident blackspots detected by volunteered geographic information, along with the criteria determined by applying analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and analytic network process (ANP) were compared in a pairwise manner, and their respective weight was calculated to showtheir specific level of impact. Ultimately, a risk map was produced for the risk of road traffic accidents obtained from each method. In order to evaluate the accuracy of the identified accident blackspots obtained from volunteered geographic information, as well as the accuracy of susceptibility maps, ROC curve and Kappa Coefficient were applied to police official records.
Results and Discussion
According to the findings, Jame Mosque shopping center, Shahabnia shopping center, intersection of Farhangstreet and Velayat square were identified as the most accident-prone areas in Babol city. Also, among the prespecified criteria, distance from population centers and distance from intersections are considered to be the most important criteria, respectively. Results obtained from the evaluation criteria indicatedhigh accuracy of volunteered geographic information, and thus it is concluded that this kind of information can be effective in determining the accident blackspotsinBabol city. Also, the ANP method works better than AHP method in preparing the risk map of accidents.
Conclusion and Future works
Due to the large number of road accidents, especially in developing countries,the issue of accident blackspotsand providing a risk map for road trafficaccidents are an essential part of roads safety. In the present study, volunteered geographic information was used, along with multivariate decision-making methods of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and analytic network process (ANP) to identifyaccident blackspots based on number, causes and severity of accidents and to develop a risk map for driving accidents in Babol city. Moreover, the criteria of distance from population centers, proximity to the city squares, distance from the footbridges, and adjacency to intersections were used to determine accident blackspotsand to prepare a risk map for driving accidents in Babol city. According to the results, Jame Mosque shopping center, Shahabnia shopping center, Farhang intersection and Velayat square were identified as the most accident-prone points in Babol city. Also, distance from population centers and distance from intersectionswere identified as the most important criteria, respectively. Evaluation criteria demonstrated that volunteered geographic information can be effective and accurate in determining accident blackspotsinBabol city. Also, the ANP method worked better than AHP method in preparing the risk map of driving accidents. The method proposed in this study to identify accident blackspots and preparedriving accidents risk maps can be generalized to other areas. Basedon the characteristics of specific routes, other criteria such as arc radius, longitudinal slope can alsobe used. It is also suggested that the results of other methods used for investigation ofaccidentblackspotsand production of risk maps based onvolunteered geographic information (VGI) are compared with the results of the present study.