Volume 32 (2023)
Volume 31 (2022)
Volume 30 (2021)
Volume 29 (2020)
Volume 28 (2019)
Volume 27 (2018)
Volume 26 (2017)
Volume 25 (2016)
Volume 24 (2015)
Volume 23 (2014)
Volume 22 (2013)
Volume 21 (2012)
Volume 20 (2011)
Volume 19 (2010)
Volume 18 (2009)
Volume 17 (2008)
Volume 16 (2007)
Volume 15 (2006)
Volume 14 (2005)
Volume 13 (2004)
Volume 12 (2003)
Volume 11 (2002)
Volume 10 (2001)
Volume 9 (2000)
Volume 8 (1999)
Volume 7 (1998)
Volume 6 (1997)
Volume 5 (1996)
Volume 4 (1995)
Volume 3 (1994)
Volume 2 (1992-1993)

Mahdi Modiri

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 2-3

  At the same time as practical and technological developments and mutual impact in raising the quality and scientific potential of surveying services, manufacturers of technical devices and equipment also struggle day by day to present new achievements. Over the past three years, with the exit of analogue ...  Read More

Satellite Images Serving the Extinguishment of Fire in Kuwait Oil Wells

Alireza Azmudeh Ardalaan

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 4-5

  Landsat's recent images from Kuwait suggest that firefighting teams are ahead of the determined schedule. At the beginning of firefighting operations on burning oil-wells, oil-fire experts estimated the time needed for full control of wells’ fire to be five years. According to recent Landsat imaging, ...  Read More

Maps in Military Engineering

Mohammad Sattari Vafa'ee

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 6-8

  The first geographic maps were the result of the need of conquerors and military commanders who always swept new lands for the purpose of expanding territories of influence. Map is the most basic means of transmitting basic information in any kind of planning and military mobility, variously used by ...  Read More

GIS Information Systems

Aliakbar Rasouli

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 9-11

  In 1988, Ahnert presented a special type of land form classification, with which a connection has been established between the approximate age of forms of land with their morphological size. During operations with large geomorphologic maps of scale 1: 25000, the following studies are necessary: 1- ...  Read More

A Few Considerations on the First Geomorphological Map of Iran

Mohammadreza Servati

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 12-13

  Geomorphologic maps indicate different forms of the surface of the Planet and their process of formation, i.e., the product of operation of internal and external geodynamic forces on the land surface. In other words, geomorphologic maps represent the sum of the effects of internal and external geodynamic ...  Read More

Bab Al Mundab, the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula in Satellite Images

Iran Ghazi

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 14-21

  About two hundred million years ago, Africa and Arabia were a single continental block. However, at the beginning of the Mesozoic, they started to separate. This process reached its peak during the Tertiary, and still continues. The resulting depression between Africa and Arabia, which was continuously ...  Read More

Book Introduction and Criticism: Encyclopedia of Villages and Religious Places of Iran - Part II
Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 21-25

  Since religious places of Iran has been a specialty of the learned author and the producers of the encyclopedia, a special study in terms of geographic time in such places has been implemented, and the result of this study has been displayed through two graphs in the page 19, in one of which the number ...  Read More

Combination of GPS Information and High-Precision Levelling for the Study of Ground Subsidence

Alireza Azmudeh Ardalaan (Translation)

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 26-32

  This paper presents a report by the authors of the paper to show the Earth's Crust subsidence in a Venezuelan oil field by combining GPS observations with accurate levelling. The area is 50 by 50 km2. The mathematical model used is derived from the University of New Brunswick’s method of analyzing ...  Read More

GPS in Surveying

Hasan Shamsi

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 33-39

  Positioning based on space started in early 1960 and followed up by the United States and NASA. One of these early and very successful systems of positioning was the TRANSIT Satellite. Since its launch in 1967 for commercial purposes, this satellite has gained many applications in surveying and geodesy, ...  Read More

The Geoid and its Application

Manuchehr Musavizadeh Yazdi

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 40-42

  In general, geoid is of particular importance in sciences that are in any way related to measurement of quantities related to physics and geometry of the Earth. Especially in the basic science of geodesy, this hypothetical level is the foundation and also a useful tool for estimating many of the quantities ...  Read More

Application of GPS in the 1:25000 Plan of Tehran

Abbasali Salehabadi

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 44-51

  There are no doubts in the importance and value of papers describing latest research with newest methods in the surveying world, but it seems to the author that it is also of great importance to present, via a number of articles, reports on innovative works with new tools or new methods conducted in ...  Read More

Role of Electromagnetic Waves and Electronics in Surveying and Geodesy - Part IV

Hasan Shamsi

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 52-55

  A) In measuring distance by new rangefinders the following methods are used: 1) Phase comparison method 2) Pulse method (measuring travel time of a pulse until it returns) 3) Interferometry method These methods all depend on the fact that the speed of travel of electromagnetic waves is in the order of ...  Read More

Geography and its Applications - Part III

Mohammad Hasan Ganjii

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 56-60

  In the third issue of Sepehr, we presented a discussion about the shape of the Earth and its hypothetical divisions (orbits and meridians), and the importance of each one. Before we go into the discussion of the movements of the Earth, it will not be out of place if we first obtain brief information ...  Read More

A Glance Through the Canebrake

M.H Ramesht

Volume 1, Issue 4 , May 1992, Pages 61-63

  The Khuzestan plain is considered by geologists to be a sub-unit of the Zagros complex, which is far from the center of crisis, and is actually miles away from the shield of Arabia. Regardless of the active dynamism of the wind, which plays a major role in the dynamics and mobility of the environment, ...  Read More